Elephant Habitat Protection Program



Over the past 50 years, the population of wild elephants in Cambodia fell from 10,000 to a small population of 500 today due to civil war, land mines and deforestation. Cambodia’s recent and skyrocketing popularity as a tourist destination, with foreign tourist arrivals topping two million last year, has put further pressure on the environment as wealthy Cambodians and foreigners are snapping up any available land.


The South West Cardamom Mountains, located in the Indo-Burmese Peninsula and a biodiversity hotspot, are home to one of Asia’s last seven remaining and intact elephant corridors. Most elephant habitats and corridors throughout Asia have been fragmented into islands. Elephant populations struggle to find enough food and water in the habitat that is left and, as a result, more elephants are seeking food in villages causing human-elephant conflict.

The Cardamoms have been under intense pressure since a trans-boundary highway was constructed, cutting through the tropical forest, opening vast tracts of wilderness to real estate speculators and commercial hunters. 37 elephant deaths were attributed due to these factors.

Wildlife Alliance’s Southern Cardamom Forest Protection Program (SCFPP) program since 2002 has benefitted elephants in this area tremendously by providing on-the-ground protection. Today, there are six stations patrolling the area with 103 rangers to prevent elephant deaths, illegal logging and forestland encroachment. From June 2013 to June 2014, Wildlife Alliance and its rangers were able to prevent deforestation of over 30,000 acres in five areas of the elephant corridor. Wildlife Alliance is seeking to guarantee forest protection in the area over the next 30 to 60 years.


Help us fund aerial monitoring and field monitoring surveys, critical equipment and supplies for patrols and legal services to prosecute traffickers and illegal loggers in one of the last remaining intact elephant corridors in Asia.


Wildlife Alliance aims to protect forests and wildlife in Southeast Asia by partnering with local governments and communities. Its conservation efforts is focused on preserving continuous forest cover over vast stretches of rainforest, instead of isolating fragments, into priority conservation zones. In addition to habitat protection, Wildlife Alliance also provides care and rehabilitation to elephants and other wildlife at Phnom Tamao Center, home to over 1,200 animals on over 5,600 acres. The Center cares for four Asian elephants rescued from human-wildlife conflicts and provides lifelong care for them.

Program Type

Habitat Protection

Funding Needed



Wildlife Alliance




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Project Sponsors and Supporters

Absolute Travel, The Bodhi Tree Foundation

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